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Real Waec Yoruba Syllabus And Hot Topic You Should Study

Waec Yoruba Syllabus

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This is the official 2021waec GCE syllabus for Yoruba. I will make it available for download later. You may click here for how to pass waec GCE 2021/2022 or click here for a Waec GCE syllabus for all subjects.

This examination syllabus is based entirely on the Yoruba curriculum developed by NERDC in 2007.


The syllabus is designed to:

  • enable candidates to speak, read and write competently in Yoruba and communicate effectively with other speakers of the language;
  • familiarize candidates with the sound system, grammatical structures and other features of Yoruba Language;
  • acquaint candidates with the necessary tools needed for a thorough appreciation of Yoruba speech usage, literature, and culture (customs and institutions).


The examination will consist of two papers, Papers 1 and 2. It will test the following aspects of Yoruba Language: comprehension, composition, sound system, grammar, and translation. It will also test selected texts of oral and written literature as well as Basic Principles of Literary Appreciation, Customs, and Institutions. The rubrics shall be written in Yoruba.

PAPER 1 shall contain 60 multiple-choice objective questions on Language, Literature, and Culture. The paper shall have three sections, Section A, B, and C. Candidates will be required to answer all the questions in 1 hour for 60 marks. The questions shall be distributed as follows:


Comprehension (2 short passages)                 –           10 items

Composition                                                   –           4 items

Sound System                                                 –           6 items

Grammar                                                         –           6 items

Translation                                                      –           4 items

  • 30 items


Basic Principles of Literary Appreciation      –           4 items

Oral Literature                        –           Prose   – 3

–           Poetry – 3       –           9 items

–           Drama – 3

Written Literature       –           Prose   – 3

–           Poetry – 3       –           9 items

–           Drama – 3


22 items

Section C: CULTURE

Customs                                                          –           4 items

Institutions                                                     –           4 items

8 items


Total   =          (30 + 22 + 8)   =          60 items


The content for Paper 1 shall be the same as for Paper 2. In Section B, all questions other than those on Basic Principles of Literary Appreciation will be on the set books for Paper 2. 

PAPER 2:       Shall be essay type questions on language, literature, and culture. It will also have three sections, Sections A, B, and C, have 2 hour duration, and carry 100 marks.

Candidates will be required to answer six questions in all: three questions from Section A; two questions from Section B and one question from Section C. They will also be required to answer all the questions in Yoruba using the official Yoruba orthography and metalanguage.


Section A:      LANGUAGE 


Candidates are advised to write 300 words and spend not more than 45 minutes on this section. The essay will be any of the following types:

  • Narrative
  • Descriptive
  • Argumentative
  • Expository
  • Dialogue
  • Debate
  • Letter writing

Sound System

Candidates will be required to answer one question from the two to be set.

Areas to cover include:

  • Vowels, Consonants and Syllabic nasal
  • their production in terms of place and manner
  • their basic phonetic and phonemic classification
  • Syllable structure
  • Sound processes, e.g. vowel harmony



  • Sound system aspect of the orthography
  • Tones and tone notation


Candidates will be required to answer one question from the two questions to be made available.

Areas to cover are:

  1. Word structure and word formation
  2. Numerals: basic and derived
  • Word classes: nouns, verbs, adverbs, pronouns, adjectives, etc
  1. Grammatical categories: subject, object, complement, predicate, number, person,        tense, aspect, mood, etc.
  2. Phrases and clauses
  3. The structure and type of sentences.

SECTION B: Literature

This section is made up of Oral Literature and Written Literature.

Oral Literature – Prose, Poetry, Drama

In Oral Literature, there will be 3 set books covering the different genres. 1 question will be set from each set book and candidates will be required to answer any 1 of the 3 questions.

Written Literature – Prose, Poetry, Drama

In Written Literature, there will be three set books covering the different genres. One question will be set from each set book and candidates will be required to answer any one of the three questions.

SECTION C:            Culture

This section will consist of questions on customs and institutions. Two questions will be set and candidates will be required to answer any one of them.

Areas to cover will include:


  • Make-up and adornments
  • In-door and out-door games
  • Pregnancy and its care
  • Naming
  • Home training: greetings, respect for superiors, cleanliness, tolerance, integrity, hard work, etc.
  • Yoruba foods
  • Non-verbal communication
  • Funerals: traditional and modern methods
  • Inheritance: traditional and modern methods.


  • Traditional occupations
  • Marriage
  • Politics: family structure, age grades, chieftaincy, Obaship, etc.
  • Child care
  • Ancestors
  • Yoruba beliefs about Olodumare (God), deities/divinities, other invisible forces, etc.
  • Modern religions: Islam, Christianity, etc.
  • Economy: adverts, money lending, cooperative efforts, etc.

NB:     To enhance the teaching of this language, it is recommended that schools provide audio-visual materials such as television sets, radios, tape-recorders and tapes, cameras, charts and artefacts.




  1. Abiodun, Jibola: (1996) Aroko Ati Aayan, Ogbufo.                Majab (Ilorin)


  1. Owolabi, K: (1989) Ijinle Itupale Ede Yoruba               Extension Publications


  1. Bamgbose, A: (1991) Fonoloji Ati Girama Yoruba.              University Press





  1. Ojo, Olagoke: (2005) Ijapa Tiroko Oko Yannibo                  Longman (Lagos)



  1. Abimbola, Wande: (2004) Awon Oju Odu                                   University Press

Mereerindinlogun                                (Ibadan)

(ppi-xxxi; 52 – 96)


  1. Ogunniran, L: (2007)            Eegun Alare                                         Macmillan




  1. Eso-Oluborode, Sunday: Olorunsogo                             Sumob Publishers

(1994)                                                                                     (Osogbo)


  1. Olayiwola, Ademola: Akowe ko wura                      Extension Publications (2007)                                                                                                (Ibadan)



  1. Awe, Debo: (2004) Apoti Alakara                         Elyon Pulibshers (Ilesa)



  1. Adeoye, C.L.: (1979) Asa Ati Ise Yoruba                University Press (Ibadan)


  1. Olajubu, O. (1978) Iwe Asa Ibile Yoruba              Longman (Lagos)


  1. Daramola, A. ati Jeje. Asa Ati Orisa                          Onibon-Oje (Ibadan)



Bamgbose (ed): (1983)               Iwe Ede Iperi Yoruba Vol. 1            YSAN/NERDC

Awobuluyi (ed): (1990)             Iwe Ede Iperi Yoruba Vo. ll             UPL/NERDC

Egbe Akomolede ati Asa            Eko Ede Yoruba Ode Oni SSI – III      Macmillan

Yoruba, Naijiria: (1988)

Ajayi W.B.: (1989)                 Egberun Ibeere Ewonidahun                Hienemann

Mustapha D-et al: (1983)         Osupa Ede Yoruba I-III                      Nelson

“             “     (1987)       Iwe Eko Ede Yoruba Titun I-III          UPL

Owolabi, O. et al: (1984)       Ijinle Ede ati Litireso Yoruba               Evans

Babalola, A. et al: (1988)       Iwe Imodotun Yoruba I-III                  Longman

Awoyale, Y. et al: (1984)      Eko Ede Yoruba Ode Oni JSI-III         Macmillan

Egbe Akomolede ati               Yoruba Gbode                                      Macmillan

AsaYoruba, Naijiria: (1986)

Odujinrin, J.S.A.:                    Modern Lesson in Yoruba Part I-III     Odujinrin Publishers

Awobuluyi, O.            (1978)             Essentials of Yoruba Grammar             UPL

Bamgbose, A.  (1967)             A short Yoruba Grammar                      Heinemann

Akinlade, Kola: (1987)           Owe Pelu Itumo                                     Longman

Fabunmi, M.A.(1969)                        Yoruba Idioms.                                  AUP

Delano, I.O.                            Owe Lesin Oro                                   UPL

Koseemanii, Supo: (1987)      Owe ati Asayan Oro Yoruba              Vantage

Olopade, A: (1991)                 Asayan Akanlo – Ede Yoruba                        Gbemi Sodipo Press

Adewoyin, S.Y. (2006)           Imo Ede, Asa ati                                 Corpomutt Publishers

Litireso Yoruba 1-III


Alaba and Ogunsipe: (1982)   Iwe Afinimona Lori Awon                 Nelson

Iwe Fagunwa

Ogunsina, Bisi: (1981)            Iwe Akoyawo Alaye lori O le ku       UPL

Egbe Akomolede ati Asa         Ewi Yoruba Lakotun 1-III                  Evans

Yoruba, Naijiria: (2007)


Ladele, T.A.A. et al (1986)     Akojopo Ijinle Asa Yoruba                 Macmillan

Adeoye, C.L.: (1985)             Igbagbo ati Esin Yoruba                      Evans

Opadotun, O.: (1966)             Aroko                                                  Vantage

Adeniji, A.A.: (1987)             Ogun ni ile Yoruba                              Longman

Adeoye, C.L.: (1982)             Oruko Yoruba                                     UPL.

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One comment

  1. Sorry,but is it d texts for 2014- 2015 that would be used for 2021? I thought it was the same Yoruba literature texts for WAEC that would be used for NECO

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